Table 1

Nutritional assessment and laboratory variables for adolescents according to gender
FEMALE OVERWEIGHT (n = 55) OBESE (n = 71) EXTREMELY OBESE (n = 48)
X SD X SD X SD
Age (years)(1) NS 13.28a 2.26 12.66ab 2.05 12.45b 1.61
BMI (kg/m2)(1)** 25.10a 2.62 27.98b 3.07 33.99c 5.17
AbdC (cm)(2)** 82.84a 8.34 87.39b 8.85 95.84c 10.68
HDLc (mg/dL)(1)** 49.24a 9.95 42.19b 8.68 40.53c 13.08
TG (mg/dL)(1)** 92.11a 35.74 107.41b 68.11 121.33bc 46.38
SBP(1)** 110.73a 8.18 116.24b 14.53 127.58c 18.40
DBP(1)** 68.66a 6.89 71.47ab 12.63 81.93c 12.12
Glycemia (mg/dL)(1)NS 82.60a 8.43 83.58a 15.85 82.56a 7.52
Insulin (μU/mL)(1)** 13.78a 4.79 17.58b 10.22 20.38bc 9.50
HOMA-IR(1)** 2.79a 0.99 3.65b 2.26 4.12bc 1.84
Quicki(1)** 0.33a 0.02 0.32b 0.02 0.32bc 0.02
FGI(1)** 7.37a 7.03 5.88b 2.69 5.12bc 3.18
MALE (n = 40) (n = 58) (n = 49)
X SD X SD X SD
Age (years)(1)NS 12.62 a 1.76 12.89a 1.68 12.65 a 2.22
BMI (kg/m2)(1)** 24.07 a 2.12 27.12b 2.69 32.13c 4.11
AbdC (cm)(2)** 81.03a 7.54 86.02ab 10.14 95.19c 11.28
HDLc (mg/dL)(1)NS 43.10a 8.31 44.22a 11.37 44.31a 8.97
TG (mg/dL)(1)NS 103.38a 76.60 95.71ab 58.68 117.83ac 55.34
SBP(1)** 111.17a 15.01 115.16ab 14.10 125.98c 13.06
DBP(1)** 69.28a 10.70 74.73bc 10.20 76.88c 12.17
Glycemia (mg/dL)(1)NS 83.59a 7.22 83.77a 7.90 86.51a 5.79
Insulin (μU/mL)(1)NS 13.72a 9.90 14.08a 7.64 16.13a 8.07
HOMA-IR(1)NS 2.84a 2.03 2.89a 1.62 3.45a 1.71
Quicki(1)** 0.34a 0.04 0.33ab 0.03 0.32b 0.02
FGI(1)** 10.86a 10.43 7.84b 5.99 6.32bc 2.38

Note: (1) Multiple comparison using PROC GENMOD from SAS program.

(2) Multiple comparisons using ANOVA and Tukey test.

* p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 NS not significant.

The same letters show no statistically significant difference.

Total number of female adolescents = 174.

Total number of male adolescents = 147.

BMI Body Mass Index, AbdC Abdominal circumference, HDLc-HDL cholesterol, TGTriglycerides, SBP Systolic Blood Pressure, DBP Diastolic Blood Pressure, HOMA-IR Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance Quicki Quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, FGI Fasting glucose to insulin ratio.

Rizzo et al.

Rizzo et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:19   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-19

Open Data