Table 2

Descriptive characteristics of the study participants for men according to dietary pattern scores
Prudent dietary pattern (n = 12) P Western dietary pattern (n = 12) P
Low score (n = 5) High score (n = 7) Low score (n = 3) High score (n = 9)
Age (y) 34.40 ± 10.99 32.71 ± 5.88 0.74 31.00 ± 2.65 34.22 ± 9.09 0.57
BMI (kg/m2) 28.86 ± 3.62 29.63 ± 5.56 0.881 32.04 ± 8.04 28.40 ± 3.18 0.351
Waist circumference (cm) 96.83 ± 9.24 95.53 ± 12.86 0.452 102.87 ± 15.26 93.81 ± 9.27 0.682
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 113.80 ± 5.89 107.86 ± 7.24 0.182 101.67 ± 2.08 113.22 ± 5.56 0.00082
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 76.40 ± 2.70 68.86 ± 8.32 0.122 63.33 ± 1.53 74.89 ± 6.17 0.012
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 5.20 ± 0.31 4.83 ± 0.63 0.322 4.40 ± 0.46 5.18 ± 0.41 0.052
Fasting insulin (pmol/L) 123.00 ± 63.49 73.29 ± 23.56 0.032 73.67 ± 16.65 100.78 ± 55.29 0.142
CRP (mg/L) 4.33 ± 5.81 2.02 ± 2.24 0.472 2.88 ± 2.92 3.02 ± 4.52 0.922
Total-C (mmol/L) 5.77 ± 0.85 5.08 ±1.04 0.332 5.60 ± 0.98 5.29 ± 1.04 0.572
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.69 ± 0.55 (n = 4) 3.18 ± 0.97 0.472 3.74 ± 0.60 3.22 ± 0.92 (n = 8) 0.332
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.09 ± 0.22 1.33 ± 0.39 0.232 1.10 ± 0.35 1.27 ± 0.35 0.622
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 2.48 ± 1.88 1.24 ± 0.54 0.202 1.65 ± 0.29 1.79 ± 1.59 0.922
ApoB (g/L) 1.14 ± 0.23 0.94 ± 0.27 0.262 1.14 ± 0.11 0.98 ± 0.29 0.382
Dietary intakes
Total fat (%) 34.22 ± 2.23 33.58 ± 5.32 0.782 32.52 ± 7.43 34.29 ± 3.02 0.402
Saturated fat (%) 12.24 ± 1.47 9.77 ± 2.43 0.092 8.57 ± 3.34 11.54 ± 1.57 0.032
Monounsaturated fat (%) 14.34 ± 0.85 14.44 ± 2.53 0.972 14.44 ± 3.06 14.38 ± 1.68 0.932
Polyunsaturated fat (%) 4.98 ± 0.57 6.61 ± 1.50 0.082 6.57 ± 0.91 5.72 ± 1.56 0.492
Total fiber (g) 19.40 ± 8.31 31.50 ± 7.53 0.032 26.04 ± 2.29 26.60 ± 11.36 0.822

All values are means ± SDs. Tests for trends or differences were made by using generalized linear models.

1 Adjusted for age.

2 Adjusted for age and BMI.

Bouchard-Mercier et al.

Bouchard-Mercier et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:24   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-24

Open Data