Table 5

Results for blood glucose and plasma insulin after breakfast and lunch, following evening test- or reference meal1
Test variables WWB BK %2
Breakfast (0-120 min)      
Glucose, iPeak (mmol/L) 3.0 ± 0.3 2.0 ± 0.2*** -33
Glucose, iAUC 0-120 min (mmol·min/L) 168 ± 21.6 98.7 ± 10.3*** -41
Glucose, GP2 (min/mmol2) 24.6 ± 4.1 39.0 ± 4.8* 59
Insulin, iPeak (pg/mL) 2 270 ± 168 1 710 ± 244 -16
Insulin, iAUC 0-120 min (pg·min/mL) 125 100 ± 10 650 106 700 ± 13 210 -15
Lunch (210-330 min)      
Glucose, iPeak (mmol/L) 2.2 ± 0.2 2.0 ± 0.2 -7
Glucose, iAUC 210-330 min (mmol·min/L) 126 ± 14.8 107 ± 12.8 -15
Insulin, iPeak (pg/mL) 1 790 ± 223 1 740 ± 282 -3
Insulin, iAUC 210-330 min (pg·min/mL) 103 400 ± 9 260 100 200 ± 17 770 -3
Breakfast + Lunch (0-330 min)      
Insulin, iAUC (pg·min/mL) 276 300 ± 25 620 241 300 ± 32 810 -13
Glucose, iAUC (mmol·min/L) 341 ± 36.3 227 ± 23.8** -34

1 Values are means ± SEM. *Different from WWB P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001. BK, barley kernel; GP2, glucose profile; iAUC, incremental area under curve; iPeak, incremental peak; WWB, white wheat bread.

2 The percentage change is calculated as the difference from the WWB to the BK.

Johansson et al.

Johansson et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:46   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-46

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