Table 1

The type and concentration of phytohcemicals in a range of wholegrain cereals
Phytochemical Wheat Barley Rice Rye Oat
Methionine (g/100g) [48,53-56] 0.17 – 0.24 0.03 – 0.08 0.18 – 0.21 0.18 0.18
Cystine (g/100g) [48,53-56] 0.19 – 0.40 0.06 – 0.2 0.11 – 0.16 0.18 0.18
Selenium (mg/100g) [48,57-60] 0.0003 – 3 0.002 – 0.030 0.0002 – 1.37 0.00014 < 0.10 – 3.3
Folate (mg/100g) [60,61] 0.01 – 0.09 0.5 – 0.8 0.016 0.55 – 0.80 0.05 – 0.06
Choline (mg/100g) [48,62] 27 – 195 6.9 – 11 Unknown Unknown 2.0 – 2.6
Tocopherols + tocotrienols [48,63-67] 2.3 – 8.0 4.7 – 6.8 0.4 – 0.9 0.4 – 0.7 0.05 – 4.8
Carotenoids (total) (mg gallic acid eq./100g) [48,60] 0.04 – 0.63 0.015 – 0.105 0.014 – 0.077 Unknown 0.031
Polyphenols (mg/100g) [60] 70 – 1459 50 – 196 54 – 313 125 – 255 9 – 34
Phenolic acids (total) (μg/g) [61,64,68] 200 – 900 100 – 550 Unknown 200 – 1080 350 – 874
Phenolic acid (free) (ug/g) [61,64,68] 5 – 39 5 – 23 Unknown 10 – 35 50 – 110
Ferulic acid (total, mg/100g) [48,69] 16 – 213 110 – 120 30 3.9 – 5.0 2.1 – 2.4
Flavanoids (total, mg/100g) [48,69] 30 – 43 12 – 18 Unknown 6.7 – 7.5 5.6 – 8.2
Other (mg/100g)
Alkylresorcinols μg/g [61,70] 200 – 750 0 – 150 Not present 570 – 3220 Not present
Avenanthramides (mg/100g [71,72] Not present Not present Not present Not present 4.9 – 27.5
Betaine (mg/100g) [48,60,62,73] 22 – 291 40 – 76 0.5 (brown) Unknown 11.3 – 100
Phytosterols (mg/100g) [48,74] 57 – 98 90 – 115 Unknown Unknown Unknown

Belobrajdic and Bird

Belobrajdic and Bird Nutrition Journal 2013 12:62   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-62

Open Data