Table 2

Five major sources of refined grains and their percent contribution by ethnic group and gender*
African Americans Native Hawaiians Japanese Americans Latino-Mexico Latino-US Caucasians
Food items Women (%) Men (%) Women (%) Men (%) Women (%) Men (%) Women (%) Men (%) Women (%) Men (%) Women (%) Men (%)
White rice 10.3 11.8 36.7 46.4 47.0 54.1 7.1 5.7 8.5 8.1 12.8 17.1
White bread 8.4 10.4 7.6 7.2 5.9 5.6 7.1 7.3 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.3
Rolls/Buns/Biscuits 6.4 6.1 4.3 3.1 3.9 2.5 7.8 8.3 14.9 14.4 9.2 6.6
Corn tortilla/bread 6.4 5.3 n/a n/a n/a n/a 27.8 28.7 10.4 9.5 n/a n/a
Sweet rolls / Coffee cake n/a 4.3 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3.5 4.2 n/a n/a
Ramen or saimin n/a n/a 3.2 2.5 3.0 2.8 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Crackers and pretzels n/a n/a 2.9 n/a 3.2 2.0 n/a n/a n/a n/a 6.2 n/a
Mexican or Spanish rice n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4.0 3.8 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Spaghetti / Ravioli / Lasagna 4.1 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 6.0 5.5
Pizza n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4.8
Pancakes / French toast n/a n/a n/a 2.3 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Total [%] 35.6 37.9 54.7 61.5 63.0 67.0 53.8 53.8 46.0 45.3 43.5 43.3

* Top source for each ethnic-sex group is bolded; items that did not appear in the top 5 for a particular ethnic sex group are indicated by n/a (not applicable).

Sharma et al.

Sharma et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:65   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-65

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