Table 1

Baseline characteristics of subjects
Calcium+D Group Control Group Pa
(n=22) (n=21)
Age (years) 20.1±1.1b 20.3±0.8 0.50
Gender 21 F, 1 M 18 F, 2 M 0.52
Height (cm) 158.8±6.8 160.3±5.9 0.46
BMI (kg/m2) 26.0±1.8 25.7±1.7 0.66
Obese/overweight (%)c 22.2 10.5 0.67
Energy (kcal/d) a 1907.3±206.3 1888.0±349.5 0.83
Protein (%) 14.1±2.6 14.7±2.4 0.41
Fat (%) 31.7±4.4 30.7±6.7 0.53
Carbohydrates (%) 54.2±5.4 54.6±7.0 0.82
Habitual Calcium Intake (mg/d) 426.5±152.2 392.1±141.1 0.45

Calcium+D, Calcium+Vitamin D3. BMI, body mass index. VFA, visceral fat area.

a Independent t-test between means.

b Mean ± standard deviation (all such values).

c Overweight was defined as BMI from 24 to 27.9 kg/m2, and obesity was defined as BMI≥28 kg/m2[14-16].

Zhu et al.

Zhu et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:8   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-8

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