Table 5

Serum biochemical indicators of pregnant Peruvian women by significant covariates1-2
Covariate3 Biochemical indicator parameter estimates
Total lycopene
Age group GM4 95% CI5 p-value6
   ≤ 20 0.060 0.045-0.082 0.02
   21–25 0.054 0.041-0.071
   26–29 0.078 0.060-0.10
   ≥ 30 0.058 0.047-0.075
Beta-carotene
Education status GM 95% CI p-value
   Primary 0.16 0.12-0.20 0.03
   Secondary 0.24 0.20-0.28
   Superior 0.26 0.20-0.34
Beta-cryptoxanthin
Education status GM 95% CI p-value
   Primary 0.33 0.26-0.42 0.02
   Secondary 0.45 0.38-0.54
   Superior 0.56 0.43-0.73
Total lycopene
Education status GM 95% CI p-value
   Primary 0.045 0.036-0.058 0.03
   Secondary 0.063 0.052-0.076
   Superior 0.071 0.052-0.093
Beta-cryptoxanthin
SES GM 95% CI p-value
   Lower 0.49 0.43-0.57 0.05
   Middle/Upper 0.59 0.51-0.69

1Does not include cord serum.

2All values expressed in μmol/L unless otherwise noted.

3Only covariates that significantly impact biochemical indicators are presented.

4GM geometric means.

595% CI = 95% confidence intervals.

6p-values were calculated using a Mixed Effects Model procedure.

Horton et al.

Horton et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:80   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-80

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