Self-reported appetite ratings from 8.00 – 12.00 and the corresponding area under the curve (AUC) in Study 2. Self-reported A) hunger, B) satiety, C) desire to heat, D) AUC for hunger, E) AUC for satiety, F) AUC for desire to eat. Estimates in A-C represent arithmetic mean values for each treatment. The difference between rye bread (RB) and wheat bread (WB) treatments is provided as a % difference between the least square means (LSM) for each treatment AUC, estimated by mixed linear models appropriate for cross-over designs (see statistical analysis section). P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. When a statistically significant interaction between treatment and occasion was observed i.e. when effect of treatment appeared to be treatment order, treatment effects were evaluated separately according to treatment sequence (RB-WB or WB-RB, respectively). This was the case for G) hunger and H) desire to eat.
Forsberg et al. Nutrition Journal 2014 13:26 doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-26