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Open Access Research

Weight reduction is not a major reason for improvement in rheumatoid arthritis from lacto-vegetarian, vegan or Mediterranean diets

Lars Sköldstam1*, Lars Brudin2, Linda Hagfors3 and Gunnar Johansson3

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Medicine, County Hospital, Visby, Sweden

2 Department of Clinical Physiology, County Hospital, Kalmar, Sweden

3 Department of Food and Nutrition, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden

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Nutrition Journal 2005, 4:15  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-4-15

Published: 4 May 2005

Abstract

Objectives

Several investigators have reported that clinical improvements of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), from participating in therapeutic diet intervention studies, have been accompanied by loss of body weight. This has raised the question whether weight reduction per se can improve RA. In order to test this hypothesis, three previously conducted diet intervention studies, comprising 95 patients with RA, were pooled. Together with Age, Gender, and Disease Duration, change during the test period in body weight, characterised dichotomously as reduction or no reduction (dichoΔBody Weight), as well as Diet (dichotomously as ordinary diet or test diet), were the independent variables. Dependent variables were the difference (Δ) from baseline to conclusion of the study in five different disease outcome measures. ΔESR and ΔPain Score were both characterised numerically and dichotomously (improvement or no improvement). ΔAcute Phase Response, ΔPhysical Function, and ΔTender Joint Count were characterised dichotomously only. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyse associations between the independent and the disease outcome variables.

Results

Statistically significant correlations were found between Diet and three disease outcome variables i.e. ΔAcute-Phase Response, ΔPain Score, and ΔPhysical Function. Δ Body Weight was univariately only correlated to ΔAcute-Phase Response but not significant when diet was taken into account.

Conclusion

Body weight reduction did not significantly contribute to the improvement in rheumatoid arthritis when eating lacto-vegetarian, vegan or Mediterranean diets.

Keywords:
Rheumatoid Arthritis; therapy; diet intervention; lacto-vegetarian diet; vegan diet; Mediterranean diet; body weight