Table 3

Fatty acid profile (mol %) of serum total lipid in subjects on the three experimental diets (n = 21)

AAD

LA Diet

ALA Diet


SFA

34.7 ± 0.6

33.0 ± 0.5*

33.5 ± 0.5

MUFA

20.0 ± 0.6

17.0 ± 0.6

17.9 ± 0.6

PUFA

45.5 ± 0.7

50.1 ± 0.7

48.7 ± 0.7

n-6 PUFA

42.0 ± 0.6

44.9 ± 0.6

42.1 ± 0.6§

LA

33.3 ± 0.5

37.1 ± 0.5

34.6 ± 0.5

AA

8.2 ± 0.4

7.5 ± 0.4

7.3 ± 0.4

n-3 PUFA

3.4 ± 0.3

5.2 ± 0.3

6.6 ± 0.3‡§

ALA

0.8 ± 0.2

2.1 ± 0.2

3.1 ± 0.2‡•

EPA

0.5 ± 0.1

0.7 ± 0.1

1.2 ± 0.1‡¶

DPA

0.6 ± 0.04

0.7 ± 0.04

0.7 ± 0.04‡¶

DHA

1.6 ± 0.1

1.7 ± 0.1

1.5 ± 0.1

SFA/UNSAT

0.53 ± 0.01

0.49 ± 0.01

0.50 ± 0.01*

LA/ALA

49.6 ± 2.3

19.3 ± 2.3

12.4 ± 2.3‡¶

n-6/n-3

12.7 ± 0.5

9.0 ± 0.5

6.8 ± 0.5‡§


SFA: Saturated fatty acids; MUFA: Monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA: Polyunsaturated fatty acids; n-6: omega-6; LA: Linoleic acid; AA: Arachidonic acid; n-3: omega-3; ALA: α-linolenic acid; EPA: Eicosapentaenoic acid; DPA: Docosapentaenoic acid; DHA: Docosahexaenoic acid; UNSAT: total unsaturated fatty acids

*: P < 0.05, †: P < 0.01,‡: P < 0.001, compared with AAD

P < 0.05,•: P < 0.01,§ P < 0.001 compared with LA Diet

Griel et al. Nutrition Journal 2007 6:2   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-2

Open Data