Table 2

Prevalence of risk factors for the Metabolic Syndrome (MS) in a nationally representative sample of children (in percent)

Criteria

Group a

Group b

Group c


(n = 3,467)

(n = 1,064)

(n = 641)


Blood Triglycerides

≥ 110 mg/dL

8%

18%

36%

High Density Lipoprotein

≤ 40 mg/dL

20%

16%

39%

Abdominal Obesity

≥ 90th %tile waist circumferencea

18%

1%

41%

Hyperglycemia

Fasting Glucose ≥ 100b mg/dL

N/A

10%

16%

Blood pressure

Systolic

Diastolic

≥ 90th %tilea or

≥ 90th %tilea

6%

5%

12%

Metabolic Syndrome

Meets ≥ 3 of the 5 criteria

2%

0.7%

23%


a for age, sex and height, b cut-point updated to reflect the most current recommendation [10], c using IOTF guidelines

Kranz et al. Nutrition Journal 2007 6:38   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-38

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