Table 2

Mean psychosocial scale scores and fat intakes by participant characteristics (n = 658)

Mean Scale Score1

Fat Screener (g/day)2

Characteristic

N (%)4

Predisposing

Reinforcing

Enabling

Total Fat

Saturated Fat

Fat-related diet habits scale score3


Sex

Male

271 (41%)

2.23

2.24

2.23

33.5

12.8

2.92

Female

378 (57%)

2.26

2.05

2.13

30.0

11.1

2.93

Overall p value

0.42

0.09

0.01

0.09

0.008

0.59

Age (years)

20–34

154 (23%)

2.16

2.04

2.13

38.8

15.1

2.95

35–49

286 (43%)

2.25

2.15

2.13

31.5

11.7

2.96

50–70

218 (33%)

2.30

2.17

2.26

26.1

9.6

2.87

p for trend

0.005

0.01

<0.001

0.01

<0.001

0.03

Education

< High School

146 (23%)

2.11

2.06

2.15

37.2

13.9

3.01

Some College

256 (40%)

2.22

2.13

2.14

31.3

11.7

2.94

College graduate

168 (26%)

2.31

2.17

2.22

27.9

10.7

2.88

Advanced Degree

74 (11%)

2.45

2.15

2.23

28.7

10.6

2.83

Overall p value

<0.001

0.69

0.26

0.69

<0.001

<0.001

Body Mass Index (kg/m2)

Normal (18.5–24.9)

151 (24%)

2.34

2.16

2.08

32.8

12.6

2.99

Overweight (25–29.9)

227 (35%)

2.41

2.11

2.04

29.5

11.1

2.91

Obese (≥ 30)

266 (41%)

2.36

2.13

2.01

32.8

12.2

2.91

p for trend

0.97

0.48

0.08

0.84

0.85

0.04

Marital Status

Single

177 (27%)

2.23

1.99

2.11

34.7

13.2

2.94

Married/Living with partner

368 (56%)

2.45

2.22

2.22

30.2

11.4

2.92

Separated or Divorced

88 (13%)

2.23

2.01

2.11

30.8

11.3

2.94

Widowed

19 (3%)

2.38

2.28

2.10

26.8

9.2

2.76

Overall p value

0.45

0.21

0.03

0.21

0.03

0.54

Perceived Health Status

Excellent

67 (10%)

2.34

2.23

2.28

30.9

12.0

2.83

Very Good

214 (33%)

2.30

2.13

2.24

28.3

10.6

2.90

Good

260 (40%)

2.22

2.12

2.14

31.4

11.8

2.93

Fair

93 (14%)

2.17

2.08

2.04

37.0

13.9

3.03

Poor

13 (2%)

2.04

2.23

2.15

50.3

17.8

2.91

Overall p value

0.002

0.004

0.004

0.004

0.001

0.02


1Psychosocial scales were created by combining responses to individual questions (least healthy responses scored the lowest and the healthiest responses scored the highest).

2 Fat intake was estimated using 13-item Block fat screener.

3The fat-related diet habits scale score was calculated using responses to 12 items about dietary behaviors; a higher number corresponds to higher fat intake.

4Numbers may not add up to 658 and percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and missing data.

Watters and Satia Nutrition Journal 2009 8:15   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-15

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