Table 4

Macronutrient intakes and compliance with WHO recommendations according to dietary patterns

'Western' pattern

N = 140

'Healthier' pattern

N = 71

FAO/WHO criteria for prevention score

% of subjects meeting the WHO criteria


'Western' pattern

'Healthier' pattern


Protein g

105.0 ± 24.8

102.2 ± 24.4

% total calories as protein

17.0 ± 2.2

19.6 ± 2.4***

≥ 10% total kcal

100

100

Total fat g

103.2 ± 24.7***

79.8 ± 20.0

% total energy as fat

37.5 ± 4.0

34.3 ± 4.3

15–30% total kcal

2.1

19.7***

Saturated fat g

30.1 ± 8.3***

22.0 ± 7.1

% total energy as sat. fat

10.9 ± 1.8

9.4 ± 1.9

< 10% total kcal

33.6

66.2***

Monounsaturated fat g

45.5 ± 11.7***

35.6 ± 9.1

w-3 fatty acids (FA) g

1.8 ± 0.5(*)

1.7 ± 0.5

% total energy as w3 FA

0.65 ± 0.12

0.74 ± 0.13***

1–2% total kcal

1.4

1.4

Cholesterol mg

471 ± 235(*)

416 ± 202

< 300 mg/d

20.0

32.4***

Sugar g

59.2 ± 31.2***

37.0 ± 18.4

% total energy as sugar

21.5 ± 9.3***

16.1 ± 7.8

< 10% total kcal

3.6

25.4***

Fibre g

19.7 ± 6.0

21.2 ± 5.6

≥ 25 g/d

17.1

25.4

Fruit & vegetable g

473 ± 178

596 ± 219***

≥ 400 g/d

54.3

80.3***

Kcalories

2484 ± 550***

2090 ± 440


FAO/WHO criteria for 8 components of the Prevention score

* p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001 t-test (*) < 0.15 p < 0.10

Delisle et al. Nutrition Journal 2009 8:3   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-3

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