Table 2

Characteristics of the Freshmen Health Study participants in December of 2005 by weight change status.

Characteristic

No significant weight gain (n = 123)

Weight gain of ≥ 5% of body weight

(n = 36)

p-value


Female (%)

61.8

72.2

0.25

Baseline BMI (kg/m2)

23.33 ± 3.80

21.41 ± 2.8

0.005

BMI at end of fall semester

23.53 ± 3.69

22.95 ± 3.0

0.39

Weight change during fall semester (kg)

0.63 ± 1.57

4.52 ± 1.61

<0.001c

Height change during fall semester (cm)

0.08 ± 0.84

0.07 ± 0.67

0.90

Ate breakfast regularlyb (%)

65.0

86.1

0.05

Ever drank alcoholb (%)

10.6

13.9

0.58

Ever smoked cigarettesb (%)

2.4

2.8

0.91

Participated in vigorous exercise most days of the weekb (%)

23.7

12.5

0.39

Participate in less physical activity in college as compare to high school (%)

43.6

60.7

0.05

Lived on campus (%)

63.0

79.4

0.07

Dietary intake as estimated by wave 2 FFQa, b

Calories per day

1693 ± 598

1779 ± 788

0.49

Energy as a percent of total calories

Protein

15.80 ± 3.11

15.25 ± 3.2

0.36

Carbohydrate

53.17 ± 7.69

52.68 ± 8.7

0.75

Fat

32.79 ± 6.21

33.96 ± 6.9

0.34

Servings of fruit per day

1.63 ± 1.13

1.42 ± 0.98

0.34

Servings of vegetables per day

3.53 ± 1.6

2.94 ± 1.67

0.07

Sweetened-carbonated beverages per day

0.46 ± 0.93

0.53 ± 0.78

0.66

Servings of milk per day

1.58 ± 0.41

1.41 ± 1.14

0.50

Occasions when junk food was eaten as a snack per day

0.91 ± 1.0

1.11 ± 1.12

0.30

Dining-hall meals eaten per week

3.3 ± 5.3

5.4 ± 7.0

0.059

Fast food meals eaten per week

1.35 ± 2.17

1.69 ± 2.19

0.40

Hours of sleep per night

8.65 ± 1.12

7.38 ± 2.24

0.006c


a9 participants were excluded due to implausible caloric intake of <500 and >6,000 calories per day.

bDietary and lifestyle habits reported during fall semester (August – December).

cRemained statistically significant at the type I error (α) of 0.05 after a Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons.

Wengreen and Moncur Nutrition Journal 2009 8:32   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-32

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