Table 1

Pre- & Posttest Daily Intake of Beverage by Gender (Means ± Standard Errors, Repeated Measures Analysis)

Gender (n)

Pretest (fl.oz) Mean (SE)

Posttest (fl.oz) Mean (SE)

p-value


Total soft drink

Male (9)

8.53 (3.29)

4.74 (2.27)

0.093

Female (70)

4.94 (0.84)

3.62 (0.62)

0.100

Estimated Marginal Mean

6.73 (1.30)

4.18 (0.95)

0.033*


Regular soft drink

Male (8)

5.33 (3.36)

2.96 (2.28)

0.145

Female (70)

2.11 (0.45)

1.28 (0.41)

0.072

Estimated Marginal Mean

3.72 (0.86)

2.30 (0.72)

0.051


Diet soft drink

Male (9)

3.79 (2.31)

1.78 (1.35)

0.346

Female (70)

2.83 (0.74)

2.30 (0.54)

0.490

Estimated Marginal Mean

3.31 (1.11)

2.04 (0.79)

0.263


Total milk

Male (9)

6.62 (2.32)

6.63 (2.41)

0.997

Female (70)

4.18 (0.71)

6.23 (0.85)

0.022*

Estimated Marginal Mean

5.40 (1.07)

6.43 (1.26)

0.433


Whole milk

Male (9)

0.00

0.00

1.000

Female (69)

0.58 (0.31)

0.13 (0.13)

0.149

Estimated Marginal Mean

0.29 (0.44)

0.07 (0.19)

0.621


Low fat milk

Male (9)

6.18 (2.42)

1.70 (1.11)

0.020*

Female (69)

2.16 (0.52)

2.09 (0.54)

0.918

Estimated Marginal Mean

4.17 (0.84)

1.90 (0.77)

0.027*


Fat free milk

Male (9)

0.44 (1.33)

4.93 (7.75)

0.052

Female (69)

1.67 (0.51)

3.54 (0.78)

0.026*

Estimated Marginal Mean

1.06 (0.71)

4.23 (1.18)

0.010*


*demonstrates significant difference P ≤ 0.05

Ha et al. Nutrition Journal 2009 8:50   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-50

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