Table 2

Characteristics associated with the "snacking" score and with the "modern foods" score (a)(b)

%

Adjusted mean ± SEM(c) of the "snacking" score

p

Adjusted mean ± SEM(c) of the "modern foods" score

p


usual number of meals eaten per day

one or two

44

-0.40 ± 0.09

<0.001

0.36 ± 0.06

<0.001

three or more

56

0.24 ± 0.08

-0.33 ± 0.05

consumption of foods between meals

<2 times a week

29

-0.82 ± 0.11

<0.001

0.24 ± 0.07

<0.001

2 to 6 times a week

44

0.02 ± 0.09

-0.17 ± 0.05

every day

26

0.79 ± 0.12

-0.12 ± 0.07

consumption of dishes outside the home

never

22

-0.13 ± 0.13

0.068

once a week or less

20

-0.32 ± 0.13

2 to 6 times a week

15

0.09 ± 0.15

every day

44

0.10 ± 0.09

estimation of the monetary value of food stocks*

no stocks

36

-0.31 ± 0.10

<0.001

-0.06 ± 0.06

0.059

]0 - 10,000] cfa

13

-0.10 ± 0.16

0.18 ± 0.10

]10.000 - 20,000] cfa

25

-0.16 ± 0.11

-0.16 ± 0.07

]20.000 - 30,000] cfa

17

0.26 ± 0.14

-0.02 ± 0.09

more than 30,000 cfa

9

0.87 ± 0.19

0.11 ± 0.12

daily household food expenditure per person*

[0 - 100[cfa

31

-0.33 ± 0.10

<0.001

-0.24 ± 0.07

<0.001

[100 - 200[cfa

39

-0.10 ± 0.09

-0.05 ± 0.06

[200 - 500[cfa

23

0.23 ± 0.12

0.15 ± 0.08

500 cfa and more

7

0.81 ± 0.23

0.36 ± 0.14

economic score

low

39

-0.29 ± 0.10

0.001

-0.28 ± 0.08

0.001

medium

34

-0.07 ± 0.10

-0.02 ± 0.06

high

27

0.37 ± 0.12

0.30 ± 0.11

district

non structured

58

-0.25 ± 0.06

<0.001

structured

42

0.30 ± 0.09

occupation

none

36

-0.15 ± 0.10

0.006

informal sector (d)

49

-0.10 ± 0.08

formal sector

15

0.43 ± 0.16

ever attended school

no

43

-0.12 ± 0.06

0.090

yes

57

0.03 ± 0.05

Age

< 25 y

24

0.26 ± 0.13

0.004

25-29 y

25

0.03 ± 0.12

30-39 y

28

0.01 ± 0.11

40 y and more

23

-0.47 ± 0.13

marital status

single

37

0.28 ± 0.11

0.005

0.08 ± 0.07

0.092

couple

60

-0.22 ± 0.08

-0.10 ± 0.05

widowed/divorced

3

-0.29 ± 0.34

-0.12 ± 0.21

religion

muslims

61

0.11 ± 0.07

0.007

-0.16 ± 0.05

<0.001

catholics

33

-0.27 ± 0.10

0.17 ± 0.06

Others

6

-0.26 ± 0.24

0.12 ± 0.15

ethnic group

mossi

67

-0.09 ± 0.04

0.032

other than mossi

33

0.08 ± 0.06


(a) results of multivariate analyses. Variables with p > 0.10 were not included in the model and not reported in the table. thus appear as blank cells

(b) characteristics tested but not significantly associated with the one or the other score: gender, rural/urban place of birth, supplementary income

(c) SEM: standard error of the mean

(d) occupations within the informal sector can be various, but their common point is that they are not declared and thus neither taxed nor monitored by the government. This often corresponds to less stable occupation than within the formal sector

* equivalent in local currency (cfa Franc). 1 Euro = 656 cfa Francs

Becquey et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:13   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-13

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