Table 2

Mean daily intakes (% of total energy intake) of fat and fatty acids by Guatemalan schoolchildren, by gender and SES

Dietary Fats

High-SES

Low-SES

P value1


Mean

SE

Mean

SE


Total (n)

230

--

219

--

--

Energy, kJ

8,324

176

8,174

180

0.554

Total fat, %E

29.6

0.42

28.6

0.53

0.149

SFA, %E

10.8

0.22

9.6

0.28

<0.001***

MUFA, %E

10.3

0.18

9.9

0.22

0.216

PUFA, %E

5.9

0.13

6.5

0.15

0.006**

Total n-3, %E

0.6

0.01

0.5

0.01

0.029*

Total n-6, %E

5.4

0.12

5.9

0.14

0.002**

LA, 18:2n-6, %E

5.3

0.12

5.9

0.14

0.001**

ALA, 18:3n-3, %E)

0.5

0.01

0.5

0.01

0.040*

AA, 20:4n-6, %E

0.060

0.003

0.061

0.003

0.843

EPA, 20:5n-3, %E

0.005

0.001

0.004

0.001

0.495

DHA, 22:6n-3, %E

0.016

0.001

0.015

0.001

0.644

Cholesterol (mg)

340

13

333

13

0.682


Boys (n)

111

--

106

--

Energy, kJ

8,478

272

8,347

285

0.735

Total fat, %E

30.4

0.62

27.7

0.78

0.008**

SFA, %E

11.1

0.33

8.7

0.36

<0.001***

MUFA, %E

10.5

0.26

9.7

0.34

0.059

PUFA, %E

6.1

0.18

6.7

0.23

0.029*

Total n-3, %E

0.6

0.02

0.5

0.02

0.271

Total n-6, %E

5.5

0.17

6.2

0.21

0.015*

LA, 18:2n-6, %E

5.4

0.17

6.1

0.21

.014*

ALA, 18:3n-3, %E)

0.5

0.02

0.5

0.02

.436

AA, 20:4n-6, %E

0.068

0.004

0.062

0.004

0.348

EPA, 20:5n-3, %E

0.006

0.002

0.004

0.001

0.404

DHA, 22:6n-3, %E

0.020

0.002

0.016

0.002

0.196

Cholesterol (mg)

377

20.3

354

20.4

0.432


Girls

119

--

113

--

Energy, kJ

8,318

234

8,150

230

0.611

Total fat, %E

28.8

0.56

29.4

0.71

0.485

SFA, %E

10.5

0.28

10.5

0.41

0.994

MUFA, %E

10.0

0.25

10.1

0.29

0.093

PUFA, %E

5.8

0.18

6.3

0.21

0.841

Total n-3, %E

0.6

0.02

0.5

0.02

0.052

Total n-6, %E

5.2

0.17

5.8

0.19

0.046*

LA, 18:2n-6, %E

5.2

0.17

5.7

0.19

.034*

ALA, 18:3n-3, %E)

0.6

0.02

0.5

0.02

.040*

AA, 20:4n-6, %E

0.053

0.004

0.060

0.004

0.227

EPA, 20:5n-3, %E

0.004

0.001

0.004

0.001

0.968

DHA, 22:6n-3, %E

0.013

0.002

0.015

0.001

0.414

Cholesterol (mg)

306

14.5

313

16.9

0.767


1Comparing mean intakes in children from high vs. low-SES, for the total sample and within gender groups, estimated with T-tests. Bold numbers indicate statistical significance between SES groups (*P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001).

Bermudez et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:20   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-20

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