Table 1

Descriptive characteristics of subjects

Variable

Trained Men (n = 7)

Untrained Men (n = 5)

Trained Women (n = 7)

Untrained Women (n = 6)


Age (yrs)

31.1 ± 5.8

32.2 ± 9.9

26.0 ± 9.1

28.8 ± 4.6

Height (cm)*

181.8 ± 9.4

176.8 ± 9.3

165.8 ± 6.7

164.3 ± 1.7

Weight (kg)*

82.1 ± 10.0

85.4 ± 8.5

61.4 ± 11.6

60.4 ± 5.2

BMI (kg·m-2)*

24.8 ± 2.2

27.3 ± 3.0

22.2 ± 2.7

22.3 ± 2.0

Body fat (%)†*

11.2 ± 5.5

17.5 ± 5.4

18.7 ± 5.6

23.8 ± 5.7

Waist (cm)*

84.8 ± 5.0

89.7 ± 9.4

68.8 ± 4.6

70.6 ± 3.7

Hip (cm)*

102.6 ± 6.0

104.2 ± 4.7

95.9 ± 7.6

96.3 ± 4.9

Waist:Hip*

0.83 ± 0.03

0.86 ± 0.08

0.71 ± 0.04

0.73 ± 0.03

Resting HR (bpm)

57.1 ± 6.7

62.6 ± 8.6

60.0 ± 14.4

71.5 ± 10.1

Resting SBP (mmHg)*

121.1 ± 9.6

125.6 ± 12.1

114.7 ± 4.1

112.3 ± 7.6

Resting DBP (mmHg)*

80.3 ± 8.3

85.6 ± 5.4

72.6 ± 6.4

77.0 ± 3.7

Years Anaerobic Exercise†

10.1 ± 3.7

0.8 ± 1.2

8.4 ± 9.8

0.5 ± 0.8

Hours per week Anaerobic Exercise†

3.3 ± 0.9

0.4 ± 1.2

4.5 ± 2.9

0.3 ± 0.5

Years Aerobic Exercise†

9.1 ± 9.7

2.6 ± 4.4

4.1 ± 3.7

1.6 ± 5.2

Hours per week Aerobic Exercise†

4.0 ± 3.9

0.7 ± 0.6

4.6 ± 3.6

0.6 ± 0.6


Values are mean ± SD.

† Training status effect: Body fat (p = 0.02); Years Anaerobic Exercise (p = 0.001); Hours per week Anaerobic Exercise (p = 0.0001); Years Aerobic Exercise (p = 0.02); Hours per week Aerobic Exercise (p = 0.004)

* Sex effect: Height (p < 0.0001); Weight (p < 0.0001); BMI (p = 0.0009); Body fat (p = 0.007); Waist (p < 0.0001); Hip (p = 0.008); Waist:Hip (p < 0.0001); Resting SBP (p = 0.01); Resting DBP (p = 0.004)

No other statistically significant differences were noted (p > 0.05).

Bloomer et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:49   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-49

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