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Open Access Highly Accessed Research

Does green tea affect postprandial glucose, insulin and satiety in healthy subjects: a randomized controlled trial

Julija Josic1, Anna Tholén Olsson1, Jennie Wickeberg2, Sandra Lindstedt3 and Joanna Hlebowicz2*

Author Affiliations

1 Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden

2 Center for Emergency (JW, JH), Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden

3 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

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Nutrition Journal 2010, 9:63  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-63

Published: 30 November 2010

Abstract

Background

Results of epidemiological studies have suggested that consumption of green tea could lower the risk of type 2 diabetes. Intervention studies show that green tea may decrease blood glucose levels, and also increase satiety. This study was conducted to examine the postprandial effects of green tea on glucose levels, glycemic index, insulin levels and satiety in healthy individuals after the consumption of a meal including green tea.

Methods

The study was conducted on 14 healthy volunteers, with a crossover design. Participants were randomized to either 300 ml of green tea or water. This was consumed together with a breakfast consisting of white bread and sliced turkey. Blood samples were drawn at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 minutes. Participants completed several different satiety score scales at the same times.

Results

Plasma glucose levels were higher 120 min after ingestion of the meal with green tea than after the ingestion of the meal with water. No significant differences were found in serum insulin levels, or the area under the curve for glucose or insulin. Subjects reported significantly higher satiety, having a less strong desire to eat their favorite food and finding it less pleasant to eat another mouthful of the same food after drinking green tea compared to water.

Conclusions

Green tea showed no glucose or insulin-lowering effect. However, increased satiety and fullness were reported by the participants after the consumption of green tea.

Trial registration number

NCT01086189