Table 1

Participant Characteristics by Group Assignment (Mean or %, SD)

Group Assignment


Demographic and Clinical Characteristics

No Vegetable Juice

8 fluid ounces Vegetable Juice

Per Day

16 fluid ounces Vegetable Juice

Per Day

All Participants


Female* (%)

74.1

85.2

59.3

72.8

Ethnicity (%)

-White

19.2

15.4

14.8

16.5

-African-American

50.0

57.7

63.0

57.0

-Mexican-American

30.8

23.1

14.8

22.8

-Other

0.0

3.8

7.4

3.7

Education: High School or Less (%)

56.0

62.5

58.3

58.9

Current Smoker (%)

14.8

14.8

11.5

13.3

Age (Years)

50.1 (5.1)

51.2 (7.4)

48.0 (7.7)

49.8 (6.9)

Baseline Weight (kg)

104.2 (18.1)

100.2 (17.6)

112.4 (18.1)

105.6 (18.4

Baseline BMI

37.8 (4.6)

37.3 (5.3)

38.3 (4.9)

37.8 (4.9)

Baseline Waist Circumference (cm)

115.3 (13.3)

112.9 (10.5)

119.1 (15.2)

115.8 (13.3)

Baseline Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg)

132.8 (20.9)

134.5 (20.6)

124.4 (15.3)

130.6 (19.4)

Baseline Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg)

84.8 (11.8)

83.8 (11.5)

80.5 (9.9)

83.0 (11.1)

Baseline Medication Use (#)

1.7 (2.0)

1.8 (2.2)

1.0 (1.6)

1.5 (2.0)


Baseline Metabolic Syndrome Criteria (% with criteria)


Waist Circumference (≥ 88 cm for women or ≥ 102 cm for men; %)

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Blood Pressure (Systolic ≥ 130 mmHg or Diastolic ≥ 85 mmHg; %)

63.0

51.9

40.7

51.9

Triglycerides (≥ 150 mg/dl; %)

37.0

25.9

23.1

28.9

HDL (Men <40 mg/dl or Women <50 mg/dl; %)

96.0

80.8

87.5

88.0

Blood Glucose (≥ 100 mg/dl; %)

100.0

96.3

100.0

98.7


2 = 4.6, p = 0.10

Shenoy et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:8   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-8

Open Data